Heritage sites in Turkey

Heritage sites in Turkey. Göreme. Divriği. Istanbul. Hattusa. Mount Nemrut. Hierapolis – Pamukkale. Xanthos–Letoon. Safranbolu.

TURKEY’S WORLD HERITAGE SITES

Turkey has a total of 18 cultural and natural sites inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List as of 2018. Explore Turkey’s wonderful historical tales at the country’s eighteen world heritage sites.

UNESCO WORLD HERITAGE CENTRE

Humanity has added new value to the places it has lived, and left behind masterpieces that carry its culture to the following generations.

To affirm the values accepted as the common heritage of all humanity, and to promote and transfer them to future generations, UNESCO adopted “The Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage” at its 17th General Conference held in Paris in 1972. Turkey ratified the Convention on 14 February 1983.

TURKEY IN WORLD HERITAGE

Turkey has 18 amazing properties inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List as of 2018. You probably didn’t know these sites were in our country. Turkey is a land of world heritage sites and incredible travel opportunities. Come and explore these natural, archaeological and historic wonders.

18 INCREDIBLE UNESCO SITES

Unesco Cultural Sites:

  • Great Mosque and Hospital of Divrigi, Sivas (1985)
  • Historic Areas of Istanbul (1985)
  • Hattusha: The Hittite Capital, Corum (1986)
  • Mount Nemrut, Adiyaman (1987)
  • Xanthos, Antalya – Letoon, Mugla (1988)
  • City of Safranbolu, Karabuk (1994)
  • Archaeological Site of Troy, Canakkale (1998)
  • Selimiye Mosque and its Social Complex, Edirne (2011)
  • Neolithic Site of Catalhoyuk, Konya (2012)
  • Bursa and Cumalikizik: The Birth of The Ottoman Empire (2014)
  • Pergamon and its Multilayered Cultural Landscape, Izmir (2014)

Unesco Cultural / Natural Sites:

  • Goreme National Park and the Rock Sites of Cappadocia, Nevsehir (1985)
  • Hierapolis-Pamukkale, Denizli (1988)

New Sites Inscribed on the Unesco List:

  • Ephesus, Izmir (2015)
  • Diyarbakir Fortress and Hevsel Gardens Cultural Landscape (2015)
  • Archaeological Site of Ani, Kars (2016)
  • Aphrodisias, Aydin (2017)
  • Gobeklitepe, Sanliurfa (2018)

List of World Heritage sites in Turkey

The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) World Heritage sites are places of importance to cultural or natural heritage as described in the UNESCO World Heritage Convention, established in 1972. Turkey accepted the convention on 16 March 1983, making its historical sites eligible for inclusion on the list. As of 2018, there are eighteen World Heritage sites in Turkey, including sixteen cultural sites and two mixed sites.

The first three sites in Turkey, Great Mosque and Hospital of Divriği, Historic Areas of Istanbul and Göreme National Park and the Rock Sites of Cappadocia, were inscribed on the list at the 9th Session of the World Heritage Committee, held in Paris, France in 1985. The latest inscriptions, Aphrodisias, was added to the list in 2017, and Göbekli Tepe in 2018.

Cultural (16)

  • Aphrodisias (2017)
  • Archaeological Site of Ani (2016)
  • Archaeological Site of Troy (1998)
  • Bursa and Cumalıkızık: the Birth of the Ottoman Empire (2014)
  • City of Safranbolu (1994)
  • Diyarbakır Fortress and Hevsel Gardens Cultural Landscape (2015)
  • Ephesus (2015)
  • Göbekli Tepe (2018)
  • Great Mosque and Hospital of Divriği (1985)
  • Hattusha: the Hittite Capital (1986)
  • Historic Areas of Istanbul (1985)
  • Nemrut Dağ (1987)
  • Neolithic Site of Çatalhöyük (2012)
  • Pergamon and its Multi-Layered Cultural Landscape (2014)
  • Selimiye Mosque and its Social Complex (2011)
  • Xanthos-Letoon (1988)

Mixed (2)

  • Göreme National Park and the Rock Sites of Cappadocia (1985)
  • Hierapolis-Pamukkale (1988)

Sites on the Tentative List (77)

A Tentative List is an inventory of those properties which each State Party intends to consider for nomination. More about the Tentative List Process…

Below is the tentative list of UNESCO World Heritage sites in Turkey.

  • Karain Cave (1994)
  • Sümela Monastery (The Monastery of Virgin Mary) (2000)
  • Alahan Monastery (2000)
  • St. Nicholas Church (2000)
  • Harran and Sanliurfa (2000)
  • The Tombstones of Ahlat the Urartian and Ottoman citadel (2000)
  • Seljuk Caravanserais on the route from Denizli to Dogubeyazit (2000)
  • Konya-A capital of Seljuk Civilization (2000)
  • Alanya (2000)
  • Mardin Cultural Landscape (2000)
  • St.Paul Church, St.Paul’s Well and surrounding historic quarters (2000)
  • Ishak Pasha Palace (2000)
  • Kekova (2000)
  • Güllük Dagi-Termessos National Park (2000)
  • Ancient Cities of Lycian Civilization (2009)
  • Archaeological Site of Sagalassos (2009)
  • Archaeological Site of Perge (2009)
  • Esrefoglu Mosque (2011)
  • Hatay, St. Pierre Church (2011)
  • Aizanoi Antique City (2012)
  • Archeological Site of Zeugma (2012)
  • Gordion (2012)
  • Historic Town of Birgi (2012)
  • Mausoleum and Sacred area of Hecatomnus (2012)
  • Medieval City of Beçin (2012)
  • Historical Monuments of Niğde (2012)
  • Yesemek Quarry and Sculpture Workshop (2012)
  • Odunpazari Historical Urban Site (2012)
  • Mamure Castle (2012)
  • Haci Bektas Veli Complex (2012)
  • Archaeological site of Laodikeia (2013)
  • Lake Tuz Special Environmental Protection Area (SEPA) (2013)
  • Trading Posts and Fortifications on Genoese Trade Routes from the Mediterranean to the Black Sea (2013)
  • The Ancient City of Sardis and the Lydian Tumuli of Bin Tepe (2013)
  • İznik (2014)
  • Zeynel Abidin Mosque Complex and Mor Yakup (Saint Jacob) Church (2014)
  • Tomb of Ahi Evran (2014)
  • Vespasianus Titus Tunnel (2014)
  • Mahmut Bey Mosque (2014)
  • Archaeological Site of Kültepe-Kanesh (2014)
  • Ancient City of Kaunos (2014)
  • Anatolian Seljuks Madrasahs (2014)
  • Archaeological Site of Arslantepe (2014)
  • Ancient City of Korykos (2014)
  • Ancient City of Anazarbos (2014)
  • Çanakkale (Dardanelles) and Gelibolu (Gallipoli) Battles Zones in the First World War (2014)
  • Eflatun Pinar: The Hittite Spring Sanctuary (2014)
  • Akdamar Church (2015)
  • The Theatre and Aqueducts of the Ancient City of Aspendos (2015)
  • Eshab-ı Kehf Kulliye (Islamic-Ottoman Social Complex) (2015)
  • Historic Guild Town of Mudurnu (2015)
  • Mount Harşena and the Rrock-tombs of the Pontic Kings (2015)
  • Mountainous Phrygia (2015)
  • Ancient City of Stratonikeia (2015)
  • The Bridge of Uzunköprü (2015)
  • Ismail Fakirullah Tomb and its Light Refraction Mechanism (2015)
  • Yıldız Palace Complex (2015)
  • The Malabadi Bridge (2016)
  • Tushpa/Van Fortress, the Mound and the Old City of Van (2016)
  • Sultan Bayezid II Complex: A Center of Medical Treatment (2016)
  • Yivli Minaret Mosque (2016)
  • Sivrihisar Great Mosque (2016)
  • The Bodrum Castle (2016)
  • Nuruosmaniye Complex (2016)
  • Ancient city of Kibyra (2016)
  • Haci Bayram Mosque and its Surrounding Area (the Haci Bayram District) (2016)
  • Kızılırmak Delta Wetland and Bird Sanctuary (2016)
  • Archaeological Site of Assos (2017)
  • Ayvalık Industrial Landscape (2017)
  • Ivriz Cultural Landscape (2017)
  • Early Period of Anatolian Turkish Heritage: Niksar, The Capital of Danishmend Dynasty (2018)
  • The Underground Water Structures in Gaziantep; Livas’ and Kastels (2018)
  • Wooden Roofed and Wooden Columned Mosques in Anatolia (2018)
  • The Bridge of Justinian (2018)
  • Archaeological Site of Priene (2018)
  • Historic City of Harput (2018)
  • Basilica Therma (Sarıkaya Roma Hamamı) (2018)

The world is getting more connected through technology and travel. Cuisines are evolving. Some people are scared of globalization, but I think people will always take pride in cultural heritage. John Mackey