Nature of Turkey

Learn about Turkey's nature and distinct geography from breathtaking natural beauties, unique landscapes and plants.

Because of Turkey’s unique geographic position, visitors can experience four very distinct climates, which vary considerably from region to region. There is the temperate climate of the Black Sea, with its lush mountain landscapes, rugged coastline and agricultural abundance; the Mediterranean climate of the southern coast, with its ancient olive groves, sun-dried tomatoes and orchards. And then there is the incomparable Aegean, a magical place of forests, sandy beaches and, what feels like, an endless summer. Central Turkey has an arid climate, home once to Mevlana and the nomadic peoples of the central plateau. The harsh mountain landscape of Eastern Turkey is a stark contrast to the warm hearted hospitality of the people who live there.

Because of all these variations, the fauna and flora are some of the richest and most diverse in the world. As a peninsula in the Mediterranean, Turkey is surrounded by three different seas. Its thousands of kilometers of coastline are filled with beaches, bays, coves, ports and islands. Summer lasts as long as eight months in some areas making it perfect for winter and summer tourism.

Nature of Turkey by province‎

Top Turkey Parks & Nature Attractions: See reviews and photos of parks, gardens & other nature attractions in Turkey on VisitTurkey.

Natural disasters in Turkey‎

Turkey is vulnerable to many natural hazards, including earthquakes, landslides, and floods.

Natural history of Turkey

Natural history is a domain of inquiry involving organisms including animals, fungi and plants in their environment; leaning more towards observational than experimental methods of study. A person who studies natural history is called a naturalist or natural historian.

Protected areas of Turkey‎

National parks in Turkey are one of the five protected areas in the country. Approximately, 1% of Turkey's total area consist of national parks.


Turkey has 43 official national parks to safeguard the rich variety of Turkey's natural heritage, for nature's sake, for our own and for future generations.

Wetlands in Turkey

Turkey is very rich country in terms of botanic life and the ecological richness. With its more than 300 wetland areas, Turkey is the richest country in wetlands among the countries in Europe and the Middle East.

Nature Parks in Turkey

Nature parks refer to parts of nature that have a vegetation and wildlife character and are suitable for the rest and enjoyment in the unity of landscape.

Nature Reserves in Turkey

Most of nature protection areas in Turkey are smaller in area than national parks, which allows for their enclosure and leads to more effective protection.


Explore all the natural beauties of Turkey, such as the awesome roaring waterfalls, spectacular mountains, idyllic Black Sea plateaus, great canyons, valleys, lakes and rivers.

Waterfalls in Turkey

Waterfalls are doubtlessly one of the most glorious and attractive natural formations in Turkey. Turkey's waterfalls charm thousands of local and foregin people each year.

Canyons in Turkey

Turkey has many gorgeous canyons for you to discover and experience these magical formations. Some of them; Valla Canyon, Ulubey Canyon, Goynuk Canyon, Saklikent Canyon, Koprulu Canyon.

Valleys in Turkey

Anatolian geography of Turkey contains a large number of valleys with its very rich nature. Some of them are home to the wildlife and the extreme sports.

Lakes and Rivers

Turkey is a rich country for its fresh water sources, there are many rivers, lakes, lagoons and reservoirs around the country.


Turkey has 4 amazing floodplain forests which are Igneada, Acarlar, Sarikum and Karacabey. These floodplain areas are very important habitat for some endemic flora and fauna in Europe, also as lush as rain forests.


Discover the biodiversity hotspots, floodplain forests, rich bird life and all the special animals you can see in Turkey, they have so special place in the heart of Turkish people.

9 Biodiversity Hotspots

Kure Mountains, Yenice Forests, Istanbul's Forests, Firtina Valley, Karcal Mountains, Amanos Mountains, Ibradi-Akseki Forests, Mount Babadag, Datca Bozburun Peninsula are among 9 hotspots selected by the WWF.

Bird Watching in Turkey

Turkey's birdlife is rich and varied. Turkey is an important country for birds, the bird watching (ornithology) is unlimited and can be done for 365 days and 24 hours.

Mediterranean Monk Seals

Turkey is considered a natural haven and home to Mediterranean Monk Seals which are in danger of extinction in the world.

Caretta Caretta Sea Turtles

Turkey is one of the most popular nesting sites for Caretta Carettas along the Mediterranean. Because of this, Caretta Caretta Turtles have a so special place in the heart of Turkey.

Bald Ibis Birds in Turkey

Bald Ibis birds are also known as Kelaynak in Turkish. The colony of the Bald Ibis lives only in Birecik district of Sanliurfa, on the Euphrates in southeastern Turkey.


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