Provinces of Turkey

A map of Turkey and the 81 provinces that are included in it. Also for light reading is some geographical facts and Metropolitan municipalities list in Turkey.

Turkey is a country of great diversity, in terms of both culture and economics. Big cities usually enjoy a more modern, western-style culture and a wide array of economical options, while this is not always true for smaller eastern and southeastern towns.

The most significant Turkish city is definitely Istanbul, with a population of 15 million, covering different ethnicities, religions and backgrounds. Istanbul is the economical and industrial center of Turkey. Capital Ankara is the second biggest city with a population of 6 million. Ankara is a newer city that hosts many government organizations, and has a more organized structure compared to the two thousand years old city of Istanbul.

Izmir, Antalya, Bursa and Adana are among the other big cities in Turkey, each with unique characteristics and a wide array of attractions. You can browse through our galleries to see and learn more about these cities.

Metropolitan municipalities in Turkey

The practice of metropolitan municipality was first introduced in 1984 for Istanbul, Ankara and Izmir, the largest three cities in Turkey. Over time, the status was accorded to 16 cities. In 2013, metropolitan municipalities were established in 14 provinces with population larger than 750,000 thus making the total figure 30.
  • Adana (Metropolitan Municipality, Turkey)
  • Ankara (Metropolitan Municipality, Turkey)
  • Antalya (Metropolitan Municipality, Turkey)
  • Aydın (Metropolitan Municipality, Turkey)
  • Balıkesir (Metropolitan Municipality, Turkey)
  • Bursa (Metropolitan Municipality, Turkey)
  • Denizli (Metropolitan Municipality, Turkey)
  • Diyarbakır (Metropolitan Municipality, Turkey)
  • Erzurum (Metropolitan Municipality, Turkey)
  • Eskişehir (Metropolitan Municipality, Turkey)
  • Gaziantep (Metropolitan Municipality, Turkey)
  • Hatay (Metropolitan Municipality, Turkey)
  • İstanbul (Metropolitan Municipality, Turkey)
  • İzmir (Metropolitan Municipality, Turkey)
  • Kahramanmaraş (Metropolitan Municipality, Turkey)
  • Kayseri (Metropolitan Municipality, Turkey)
  • Kocaeli (Metropolitan Municipality, Turkey)
  • Konya (Metropolitan Municipality, Turkey)
  • Malatya (Metropolitan Municipality, Turkey)
  • Manisa (Metropolitan Municipality, Turkey)
  • Mardin (Metropolitan Municipality, Turkey)
  • Mersin (Metropolitan Municipality, Turkey)
  • Muğla (Metropolitan Municipality, Turkey)
  • Ordu (Metropolitan Municipality, Turkey)
  • Sakarya (Metropolitan Municipality, Turkey)
  • Samsun (Metropolitan Municipality, Turkey)
  • Şanlıurfa (Metropolitan Municipality, Turkey)
  • Tekirdağ (Metropolitan Municipality, Turkey)
  • Trabzon (Metropolitan Municipality, Turkey)
  • Van (Metropolitan Municipality, Turkey)

List of provinces

Below is a list of the 81 provinces of Turkey, sorted according to their license plate codes. Initially, the order of the codes matched the alphabetical order of the province names. After Zonguldak (code 67), the ordering is not alphabetical, but in the order of the creation of provinces, as these provinces were created more recently and thus their plate numbers were assigned after the initial set of codes had been assigned.

The province’s ISO code suffix number, the first two digits of the vehicle registration plates of Turkey, and the first digits of the postal codes in Turkey are the same. The Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics (NUTS) codes are different.

Name ISO 3166-2 NUTS Phone prefix
Adana TR-01 TR621 322
Adıyaman TR-02 TRC12 416
Afyonkarahisar TR-03 TR332 272
Ağrı TR-04 TRA21 472
Aksaray TR-68 TR712 382
Amasya TR-05 TR834 358
Ankara TR-06 TR510 312
Antalya TR-07 TR611 242
Ardahan TR-75 TRA24 478
Artvin TR-08 TR905 466
Aydın TR-09 TR321 256
Balıkesir TR-10 TR221 266
Bartın TR-74 TR813 378
Batman TR-72 TRC32 488
Bayburt TR-69 TRA13 458
Bilecik TR-11 TR413 228
Bingöl TR-12 TRB13 426
Bitlis TR-13 TRB23 434
Bolu TR-14 TR424 374
Burdur TR-15 TR613 248
Bursa TR-16 TR411 224
Çanakkale TR-17 TR222 286
Çankırı TR-18 TR822 376
Çorum TR-19 TR833 364
Denizli TR-20 TR322 258
Diyarbakır TR-21 TRC22 412
Düzce TR-81 TR423 380
Edirne TR-22 TR212 284
Elazığ TR-23 TRB12 424
Erzincan TR-24 TRA12 446
Erzurum TR-25 TRA11 442
Eskisehir TR-26 TR412 222
Gaziantep TR-27 TRC11 342
Giresun TR-28 TR903 454
Gümüşhane TR-29 TR906 456
Hakkari TR-30 TRB24 438
Hatay TR-31 TR631 326
Iğdır TR-76 TRA23 476
Isparta TR-32 TR612 246
Istanbul-I (Thrace) TR-34 TR100 212
Istanbul-II (Anatolia) TR-34 TR100 216
İzmir TR-35 TR310 232
Kahramanmaraş TR-46 TR632 344
Karabük TR-78 TR812 370
Karaman TR-70 TR522 338
Kars TR-36 TRA22 474
Kastamonu TR-37 TR821 366
Kayseri TR-38 TR721 352
Kilis TR-79 TRC13 348
Kırıkkale TR-71 TR711 318
Kırklareli TR-39 TR213 288
Kırşehir TR-40 TR715 386
Kocaeli (İzmit) TR-41 TR421 262
Konya TR-42 TR521 332
Kütahya TR-43 TR333 274
Malatya TR-44 TRB11 422
Manisa TR-45 TR331 236
Mardin TR-47 TRC31 482
Mersin TR-33 TR622 324
Muğla TR-48 TR323 252
Muş TR-49 TRB22 436
Nevşehir TR-50 TR714 384
Niğde TR-51 TR713 388
Ordu TR-52 TR902 452
Osmaniye TR-80 TR633 328
Rize TR-53 TR904 464
Sakarya (Adapazarı) TR-54 TR422 264
Samsun TR-55 TR831 362
Şanlıurfa TR-63 TRC21 414
Siirt TR-56 TRC34 484
Sinop TR-57 TR823 368
Sivas TR-58 TRC33 346
Şırnak TR-73 TR722 486
Tekirdağ TR-59 TR211 282
Tokat TR-60 TR832 356
Trabzon TR-61 TR901 462
Tunceli TR-62 TRB14 428
Uşak TR-64 TR334 276
Van TR-65 TRB21 432
Yalova TR-77 TR425 226
Yozgat TR-66 TR723 354
Zonguldak TR-67 TR811 372

Turkey has 81 provinces

Adana, Adıyaman, Afyonkarahisar, Ağrı, Aksaray, Amasya, Ankara, Antalya, Ardahan, Artvin, Aydın, Balıkesir, Bartın, Batman, Bayburt, Bilecik, Bingöl, Bitlis, Bolu, Burdur, Bursa, Çanakkale, Çankırı, Çorum, Denizli, Diyarbakır, Düzce, Edirne, Elazığ, Erzincan, Erzurum, Eskişehir, Gaziantep, Giresun, Gümüşhane, Hakkâri, Hatay, Iğdır, Isparta, Istanbul, İzmir, Kahramanmaraş, Karabük, Karaman, Kars, Kastamonu, Kayseri, Kilis, Kırıkkale, Kırklareli, Kırşehir, Kocaeli, Konya, Kütahya, Malatya, Manisa, Mardin, Mersin, Muğla, Muş, Nevşehir, Niğde, Ordu, Osmaniye, Rize, Sakarya, Samsun, Siirt, Sinop, Sivas, Şanlıurfa, Şırnak, Tekirdağ, Tokat, Trabzon, Tunceli, Uşak, Van, Yalova, Yozgat, Zonguldak.

A Turkey province fulfils responsibilities of regional importance and is the connection between the national government and the local municipalities.

While not as common as they used to be, possibly because of the widespread use of mobile phones which are virtually used by the whole population in the country, public pay phones can still be found at the sides of central squares and major streets in towns and cities and around post offices (PTT), especially around their outer walls. With the phase-out of old magnetic cards, public phones now operate with chip telekom cards which are available in 30, 60 or 120 units and can be obtained at post offices, newspaper and tobacco kiosks. (However emergency numbers can be called without card or anything from these phones.) You can also use your credit card on these phones, though it may not work in the off chance. All phones in the booths have Turkish and English instructions and menus, many also have German and French in addition.

There are also telephones available in some kiosks and shops where you pay cash after your call. To spot these, look for kontürlü telefon signs. These telephones are more expensive than the ones at the booths, though.

It is estimated that approximately 98% of the population of Turkey lives within the coverage areas of Turkey’s three cell phone line providers. Line providers from most countries have roaming agreements with one or more of these companies.

Pre-paid mobile phone SIM cards can be purchased for approximately 20-50 TL. These can be purchased at the airport on arrival or from the many outlets in Istanbul and other large cities. Providers include Vodaphone.

Here is a quick list of telephone codes for some major cities and towns of touristic importance:

212—Istanbul-European Side
216—Istanbul-Asian Side, and Princes’ Islands
224—Bursa, and Uludağ
232—Izmir, and Çeşme
242—Antalya, Alanya, Kemer, and Kaş
252—Muğla, Bodrum, Marmaris, and Fethiye
256—Aydın, and Kuşadası
258—Denizli, and Pamukkale
286—Çanakkale, and Gallipoli
312—Ankara
332—Konya
384—Nevşehir, and most of Cappadocia (though a few well-known Cappadocian towns which are parts of Aksaray Province have 382 as their area code)
Prior to the telephone code, dial 0 for intercity calls.

Numbers starting with 0800 are pay-free, whereas the ones starting with 0900 are high-fee services. 7-digit numbers starting with 444 (mainly used by companies) are charged as local calls wherever they are dialed in Turkey.

Dial 00 prior to country code for international calls from Turkey. When calling into Turkey, the international country code that should prefix city code and phone number is 90.

Districts of Turkey

List of districts in Turkey

The 81 provinces of Turkey are divided into 957 districts (ilçeler; sing. ilçe). In the early Turkish Republic and in the Ottoman Empire, the corresponding unit was the kaza.

See the list of new Turkish districts